A Guide to Diamonds

Diamonds are the go-to choice for engagements rings because of their unrivalled beauty and value. They are used to signify the undying love two people have for each other. But there is a lot to know about diamonds before buying one from the store. This article is a beginner’s guide to the world of diamonds and how to identify the ballpark value of the stone.

When buying diamonds it is important to keep the 4C’s of diamonds in mind- Cut, Clarity, Colour and Carat. We will go through these four briefly to get a better idea of where the value of diamonds come from.

  • Cut:

The cut of a diamond greatly affects how much light it reflects from the facets of the diamond. A good cut diamond will be able to reflect more light than a one which is cut improperly and the sparkle, which diamonds are known for, will be absent. When talking about the cut, three main attributes must be there to signify a good cut.

  • Brilliance: This refers to how much light is able to be reflected off the diamond.
  • Fire: This refers to the flashes of colour reflected off of the diamond
  • Scintillation: This refers to the amount of sparkle produced by a diamond.

If cut properly, a diamond will show all these three properties. Keep in mind, the cut does not mean shape as different shapes can show all these properties as well.

  • Clarity:

Clarity of a diamond is used to refer to the number of inclusions a diamond has. An inclusion is a natural flaw inside the diamond that was created when the diamond was being formed deep inside the earth. A stone with fewer inclusions will be worth more than with more inclusions. Fewer inclusions mean that more light is able to be reflected off the diamond without the impurities blocking it. Very rarely, a diamond is found that is free of flaws called a flawless diamond and are usually extremely expensive.

  • Colour:

Unless you prefer coloured diamonds, the stones which lack colour usually cost more. The diamonds are graded on a scale which goes from D to Z which go from colourless to lightly coloured. Truly coloured diamonds are graded on a different scale. Generally, if you want a colourless diamond look for ones graded D, E or F.

  • Carat:

Carat refers to the weight of a diamond. A carat equates to around 200 milligrams and is considered 100 points. A diamond weighing 0.5 carats thus would be 50 points. This aspect of a diamond is not as important as the other three as it does not have any bearing on the actual shine and sparkle of the diamond.

When buying a diamond make sure to get it from a reputable diamond seller and also make sure to get the certification which tells you its grade. This certificate is important for appraisal purposes. You should also consider getting the diamond from a seller who gives the best value for money all while not compensating on cut, clarity, colour and carat.