A stunning shade of blue, Sapphires is among the most beautiful and precious gemstones in existence. They are also the September birthstone so if you are a September born, this is your chance you learn some intriguing facts about your birthstone.
1: THERE ARE DIFFERENT KINDS OF SAPPHIRE:
Despite popular belief, sapphires don’t just come in that beautiful shade of blue. There are in fact other kinds of sapphires in all colours of the rainbow, including the Padparadscha, which is the rarest gemstone in the category and is a stunning shade of pink-orange. There are however, no red sapphires as these are what we call rubies. They are made from the same components in a sapphire but aren’t included in the same category.
2: SAPPHIRES ARE VERY DURABLE:
Sapphires are an extremely durable gemstone that has been in existence for thousands of year. In earlier times, a lot of royal jewellery including tiaras, necklaces etc. comprised of this beautiful blue gem. The ancient Romans would polish them and hand them down generation to generation. Even today the Queen’s personal collection of precious jewellery contains a lot of sapphires.
3: SAPPHIRES ARE THE SECOND HARDEST ELEMENT:
After diamonds, Sapphires have been found to be the second hardest element on Earth. They are hence very strong and aren’t easily damaged, a reason for their durability over the years. However, if roughly handled it can cause them to get slightly chipped or tainted which can take away from the beauty of the jewel. Thus, they need to be properly maintained, polished and taken care of.
4: SAPPHIRES GET THEIR COLOUR FROM TRACE ELEMENTS:
Sapphires get their rich colour from the trace elements in the mineral corundum. When it contains iron and titanium, it turns to blue and traces of chromium turns it pink and finally, the presence of even more chromium turns it red to form rubies.
5: SAPPHIRES HAVE BEEN SAID TO HAVE SOME MYSTIC POWERS:
From time immemorial, various different cultures have attached certain mystic powers to sapphires. For instance, in ancient times, sapphires have been believed to protect its wearers from evil forces which is why many kings wore the deep blue stone to protect them from their enemies. The Europeans also believed that sapphires cured eye diseases. The stone has also said to symbolise nobility, chastity and faithfulness.
6: THE MOST FAMOUS SAPPHIRE IN EXISTENCE TODAY IS OWNED BY THE BRITISH ROYALTY:
The most famous sapphire in existence today is Lady Diana’s engagement ring, which is a 12-carat sapphire set in a cluster of diamonds and was personally chosen by her perhaps because sapphires are among her favourite gemstones or because it reminded her of her mother’s engagement ring. The ring was further handed down to Princess Catherine by Prince William on their engagement and is now a treasured and renowned piece of jewellery.